The Irregular Verbs

The Infinitive

The Past Indefinite Thense

The Participle II

Перевод

to abide [ǝ'baıd]

abode [ǝ'bɜʊd]

abided [ǝ'baıdǝd]

оставаться верным

to arise [ǝ'raız]

arose [ǝrɜʊz]

arisen[ǝ'rızǝn]

возникать, появляться

to awake [ǝ'weık]

awoke [ǝ'wɜʊk]

awoken [ǝ'wɜʊkǝn]

пробуждаться

to be [bi:]

was, were [wɒz, wɜ:]

been [bi:n]

быть

to bear ['beǝ]

bore [bɔ:]

born [bɔ:n]

нести, рожать

to beat [bi:t]

beat [bi:t]

beaten [bi:tn]

бить

to become [bı'kʌm]

became [bı'keım]

become [bı'kʌm]

становиться

to befall [bı'fɔ:l]

befell [bı'fel]

befallen [bı'fɔ:lǝn]

случаться

to beget [bı'get]

begot [bı'gɒt]

begotten [bı'gɒtǝn]

производить на свет

to begin [bı'gın]

began [bı'gæn]

begun [bı'gʌn]

начинать(ся)

 

 

 

 

to behold [bı'hɜʊld]

beheld [bı'held]

beheld [bı'held]

смотреть

to bend [bend]

bent [bent]

bent [bent]

гнуть

to bereave [bı'ri:v]

bereft [bı'reft]

bereft [bı'reft]

лишать

to beseech [bı'si:ʧ]

besought [bı'sɔ:t]

besought [bı'sɔ:t]

умолять

to beset [bı'set]

beset [bı'set]

beset [bı'set]

осаждать

to bestride [bı'straıd]

bestrode [bı'strɜʊd]

bestridden [bı'strıdǝn]

садиться верхом

to bet [bet]

bet [bet]

bet [bet]

спорить

to betake [bı'teık]

betook [bı'tʊk]

betaken [bı'teıkǝn]

прибегать к

to bethink [bı'ɵıŋk]

bethought [bı'ɵɔ:t]

bethought [bı'ɵɔ:t]

спохватываться

to bid [bıd]

bade [beıd]

bid [bıd]

заявлять цену

 

 

 

 

to bind ['baınd]

bound ['baʊnd]

bound ['baʊnd]

связывать

to bite ['baıt]

bit [bıt]

bitten ['bıtǝn]

кусать

to bleed ['bli:d]

bled [bled]

bled [bled]

истекать кровью

to bless [bles]

blest [blest]

blest [blest]

благословлять

to blow [blɜʊ]

blew [blu:]

blown [blɜʊn]

дуть

to break [breık]

broke [brɜʊk]

broken ['brɜʊkǝn]

ломать

to breed [bri:d]

bred [bred]

bred [bred]

размножаться

to bring [brıŋ]

brought [brɔ:t]

brought [brɔ:t]

приносить

to broadcast ['brɔ:dkɑ:st]

broadcast ['brɔ:dkɑ:st]

broadcast ['brɔ:dkɑ:st]

передавать по радио

to build [bıld]

built [bılt]

built [bılt]

строить

 

 

 

 

to burn [bɜ:n]

burnt[bɜ:nt]

burnt [bɜ:nt]

гореть

to burst ['bɜ:st]

burst ['bɜ:st]

burst ['bɜ:st]

взрываться

to buy [baı]

bought [bɔ:t]

bought [bɔ:t]

покупать

to cast ['kɑ:st]

cast ['kɑ:st]

cast ['kɑ:st]

бросать

to catch [kæʧ]

caught [kɔ:t]

caught [kɔ:t]

ловить

to chide ['ʧaıd]

chided ['ʧaıdıd]

chid ['ʧıd]

бранить

to choose [ʧu:z]

chose [ʧɜʊz]

chosen ['ʧɜʊzǝn]

выбирать

to cleave ['kli:v]

cleft ['kleft]

cleft ['kleft]

раскалывать

to cling ['klıŋ]

clung ['klʌŋ]

clung ['klʌŋ]

прилипать

to come [kʌm]

came [keım]

come [kʌm]

приходить

 

 

 

 

to cost [kɒst]

cost [kɒst]

cost [kɒst]

стоить

to creep ['kri:p]

crept [krept]

crept [krept]

ползать

to cut [kʌt]

cut [kʌt]

cut [kʌt]

резать

to deal [di:l]

dealt [delt]

dealt [delt]

торговать

to dig [dıg]

dug [dʌg]

dug [dʌg]

копать

to dive ['daıv]

dived ['daıvd]

dived ['daıvd]

нырять

to do [du:]

did [dıd]

done [dʌn]

делать

to draw [drɔ:]

drew [dru:]

drawn [drɔ:n]

тащить, рисовать

to dream [dri:m]

dreamt [dremt]

dreamt [dremt]

мечтать

to drink [drıŋk]

drank [dræŋk]

drunk [drʌŋk]

пить

 

 

 

 

to drive [draıv]

drove [drɜʊv]

driven ['drıvǝn]

везти

to dwell [dwel]

dwelt [dwelt]

dwelt [dwelt]

обитать

to eat [i:t]

ate [et]

eaten ['i:tǝn]

есть, кушать

to fall [fɔ:l]

fell [fel]

fallen ['fɔ:lǝn]

падать

to feed [fi:d]

fed [fed]

fed [fed]

кормить

to feel [fi:l]

felt [felt]

felt[felt]

чувствовать (себя)

to fight [faıt]

fought [fɔ:t]

fought [fɔ:t]

бороться

to find [faınd]

found [faʊnd]

found [faʊnd]

находить

to flee [fli:]

fled [fled]

fled [fled]

спасаться бегством

to fling ['flıŋ]

flung ['flʌŋ]

flung ['flʌŋ]

швырять

 

 

 

 

to fly[flaı]

flew [flu:]

flown [flɜʊn]

летать

to forbear [fɔ:'beǝ]

forbore [fɔ:'bɔ:]

forborne [[fɔ:'bɔ:n]

воздерживаться

to forbid [fǝ'bıd]

forbade [fǝ'beıd]

forbidden [fǝ'bıdǝn]

запрещать

to forecast [fɔ:'kɑ:st]

forecast [fɔ:'kɑ:st]

forecast [fɔ:'kɑ:st]

предсказывать

to foresee [fɔ:'si:]

foresaw [fɔ:'sɔ:]

foreseen [fɔ:'si:n]

предвидеть

to foretell [fɔ:'tel]

foretold [fɔ:'tɜʊld]

foretold [fɔ:'tɜʊld]

предсказывать

to forget [fǝ'get]

forgot [fǝ'gɒt]

forgotten [fǝ'gɒtǝn]

забывать

to forgive [fǝ'gıv]

forgave [fǝ'geıv]

forgiven [fǝ'gıvǝn]

прощать

to forgo [fɔ:'gɜʊ]

forwent [fɔ:'went]

forgone [fɔ:'gɒn]

отказываться

to forsake [fɔ:'seık]

forsook [fɔ:'sʊk]

forsaken [fɔ:'seıkǝn]

покидать

 

 

 

 

to forswear [fɔ:'sweǝ]

forswore [fɔ:'swɔ:]

forsworn [fɔ:'swɔ:n]

отрекаться

to freeze [fri:z]

froze ['frɜʊz]

frozen ['frɜʊzǝn]

замерзать

to gainsay [,geın'seı]

gainsaid [,geın'sed]

gainsaid [,geın'sed]

отрицать

to get [get]

got [gɒt]

got [gɒt]

получать, становиться

to gird ['gɜ:d]

girded ['gɜ:dıd]

girded ['gɜ:dıd]

насмехаться

to give [gıv]

gave [geıv]

given [gıvǝn]

давать

to go [gɜʊ]

went [went]

gone [gɒn]

идти, ехать

to grind ['graınd]

ground ['graʊnd]

ground ['graʊnd]

молоть

to grow [grɜʊ]

grew [gru:]

grown [grɜʊn]

расти, выращивать

to hamstring ['hæm,strıŋ]

hamstrung ['hæm,strʌŋ]

hamstrung ['hæm,strʌŋ]

калечить

 

 

 

 

to hang [hæŋ]

hung [hʌŋ]

hung [hʌŋ]

висеть

to have [hæv]

had [hæd]

had [hæd]

иметь

to hear [hıǝ]

heard [hɜ:d]

heard [hɜ:d]

слышать

to heave [hi:v]

heaved [hi:vd]

heaved [hi:vd]

поднимать

to hew ['hju:]

hewed [hju:d]

hewn [hju:n]

рубить

to hide ['haıd]

hid [hıd]

hidden ['hıdǝn]

прятать(ся)

to hit [hıt]

hit [hıt]

hit [hıt]

ударить

to hold [hɜʊld]

held [held]

held [held]

держать

to hurt [hɜ:t]

hurt [hɜ:t]

hurt [hɜ:t]

причинять боль

to keep [ki:p]

kept [kept]

kept [kept]

держать, хранить

 

 

 

 

to kneel [ni:l]

knelt [nelt]

knelt [nelt]

становиться на колени

to knit [nıt]

knitted ['nıtıd]

knitted ['nıtıd]

вязать

to know [nɜʊ]

knew [nju:]

known [nɜʊn]

знать

to lay ['leı]

laid ['leıd]

laid ['leıd]

класть

to lead [li:d]

led [led]

led [led]

вести

to lean [li:n]

leant [lent]

leant [lent]

наклоняться

to leap [li:p]

leapt [lept]

leapt [lept]

прыгать

to learn [lɜ:n]

learnt [lɜ:nt]

learnt [lɜ:nt]

учиться, узнавать

to leave [li:v]

left [left]

left [left]

покидать, оставлять

to lend [lend]

lent [lent]

lent [lent]

давать взаймы

 

 

 

 

to let [let]

let [let]

let [let]

позволять

to lie [laı]

lay [leı]

lain [leın]

лежать

to light [laıt]

lit [lıt]

lit [lıt]

зажигать

to lose [lu:z]

lost [lɒst]

lost [lɒst]

терять

to make [meık]

made [meıd]

made [meıd]

делать, создавать

to mean [mi:n]

meant [ment]

meant [ment]

значить, иметь ввиду

to meet [mi:t]

met [met]

met [met]

встречать(ся)

to miscast [mıs'kæst]

to miscast [mıs'kæst]

to miscast [mıs'kæst]

поручить актеру неподходящую роль

to mislay [mıs'leı]

mislaid [mıs'leıd]

mislaid [mıs'leıd]

потерять

to mislead [mıs'li:d]

misled [mıs'led]

misled [mıs'led]

вводить в заблуждение

 

 

 

 

to misspell [mıs'pel]

misspelt [mıs'pelt]

misspelt [mıs'pelt]

делать орфографические ошибки

to misspend [mıs'spend]

misspent [mıs'spent]

misspent [mıs'spent]

тратить впустую

to mistake [mıs'teık]

mistook [mıs'tʊk]

mistaken [mıs'teıkǝn]

ошибаться

to misunderstand [,mısʌndǝ'stǝnd]

misunderstood [,mısʌndǝ'stʊd]

misunderstood [,mısʌndǝ'stʊd]

неправильно понять

to mow ['mɜʊ]

mowed ['mɜʊd]

mown ['mɜʊn]

косить

to outbid [,aʊt'bıd]

outbid [,aʊt'bıd]

outbid [,aʊt'bıd]

перебивать цену

to outdo [,aʊt'du:]

outdid [,aʊt'dıd]]

outdone [,aʊt'dʌn]

превзойти

to outgrow[,aʊt'grɜʊ]

outgrew[,aʊt'gru:]

outgrown[,aʊt'grɜʊn]

перерасти

to outrun [,aʊt'rʌn]

outran [,aʊt'ræn]

outrun [,aʊt'rʌn]

опередить

 

 

 

 

to outshine [,aʊt'∫aın]

outshone [,aʊt'∫ɒn]

outshone [,aʊt'∫ɒn]

затмить

to overbear [,ɜʊvǝ'beǝ]

overbore [,ɜʊvǝ'bɔ:]

overborne [,ɜʊvǝ'bɔ:n]

пересиливать

to overcast [,ɜʊvǝ'kɑ:st]

overcast [,ɜʊvǝ'kɑ:st]

overcast [,ɜʊvǝ'kɑ:st]

покрывать

to overcome [,ɜʊvǝ'kʌm]

overcame [,ɜʊvǝ'keım]

overcome [,ɜʊvǝ'kʌm]

побороть

to overdo [,ɜʊvǝ'du:]

overdid [,ɜʊvǝ'dıd]

overdone [,ɜʊvǝ'dʌn]

перестараться

to overhang [,ɜʊvǝ'hæŋ]

to overhung [,ɜʊvǝ'hʌŋ]

to overhung [,ɜʊvǝ'hʌŋ]

выступать над

to overrun [,ɜʊvǝ'rʌn]

overran [,ɜʊvǝ'ræn]

overrun [,ɜʊvǝ'rʌn]

переполнять

to oversee [,ɜʊvǝ'si:]

oversaw [,ɜʊvǝ'sɔ:]

overseen [,ɜʊvǝ'si:n]

надзирать

to oversleep [,ɜʊvǝ'sli:p]

overslept [,ɜʊvǝ'slept]

overslept [,ɜʊvǝ'slept]

проспать

to overtake [,ɜʊvǝ'teık]

overtook [,ɜʊvǝ'tʊk]

overtaken [,ɜʊvǝ'teıkǝn]

догнать

 

 

 

 

to overthrow [,ɜʊvǝ'ɵrɜʊ]

overthrew [,ɜʊvǝ'ɵru:]

overthrown [,ɜʊvǝ'ɵrɜʊn]

опрокидывать

to partake [pɑ:'teık]

partook [pɑ:'tʊk]

[pɑ:'teıkǝn]

принимать участие

to pay ['peı]

paid ['peıd]

paid ['peıd]

платить

to put [pʊt]

put [pʊt]

put [pʊt]

класть, ставить

to prove [pru:v]

proved [pru:vd]

proven ['pru:vǝn]

доказывать

to read [ri:d]

read [red]

read [red]

читать

to rebind [rı'baınd]

rebound [rı'baʊnd]

rebound [rı'baʊnd]

вновь переплетать

to rebuild [rı'bıld]

rebuilt [rı'bılt]

rebuilt [rı'bılt]

отстроить заново

to recast [rı'kɑ:st]

recast [rı'kɑ:st]

recast [rı'kɑ:st]

переделывать

to redo [rı'du:]

redid [rı'dıd]

redone [rı'dʌn]

делать вновь

 

 

 

 

to relay [rı'leı]

relaid [rı'leıd]

relaid [rı'leıd]

ретранслировать

to remake [rı'meık]

remade [rı'meıd]

remade [rı'meıd]

делать заново

to rend [rend]

rent [rent]

rent [rent]

отдирать

to repay [rı'peı]

repaid [rı'peıd]

repaid [rı'peıd]

отдавать долг

to rerun [rı'rʌn]

reran [rı'ræn]

rerun [rı'rʌn]

перезапускать

to reset [rı'set]

reset [rı'set]

reset [rı'set]

вновь устанавливать

to retell [rı'tel]

retold [rı'tɜʊld]

retold [rı'tɜʊld]

пересказывать

to rewind [rı'waınd]

rewound [rı'waʊnd]

rewound [rı'waʊnd]

перематывать назад

to rewrite [rı'raıt]

rewrote [rı'rɜʊt]

rewritten [rı'rıtǝn]

переписать

to rid [rıd]

rid [rıd]

rid [rıd]

избавлять

 

 

 

 

to ride ['raıd]

rode ['rɜʊd]

ridden ['rıdǝn]

ехать (верхом)

to ring [rıŋ]

rang [ræŋ]

rung [rʌŋ]

звонить, звенеть

to rise ['raız]

rose ['rɜʊz]

risen ['rızǝn]

подниматься

to run [rʌn]

ran [ræn]

run [rʌn]

бежать

to saw [sɔ:]

sawed [sɔ:d]

sawn [sɔ:n]

пилить

to say [seı]

said [sed]

said [sed]

сказать, говорить

to see [si:]

saw [sɔ:]

seen [si:n]

видеть

to seek [si:k]

sought [sɔ:t]

sought [sɔ:t]

искать

to sell [sel]

sold [sɜʊld]

sold [sɜʊld]

продавать

to send [send]

sent [sent]

sent [sent]

посылать, отправлять

 

 

 

 

to set [set]

set [set]

set [set]

помещать, класть

to sew ['sɜʊ]

sewed ['sɜʊd]

sewn ['sɜʊn]

шить

to shake ['∫eık]

shook ['∫ʊk]

shaken ['∫eıkǝn]

трясти

to shave ['∫eıv]

shaved ['∫eıvd]

shaved ['∫eıvd]

бриться

to shear ['∫ıǝ]

sheared ['∫ıǝd]

shorn [∫ɔ:n]

стричь овец

to shed [∫ed]

shed [∫ed]

shed [∫ed]

проливать

to shine [∫aın]

shone [∫ɒn]

shone [∫ɒn]

светить, сиять

to shoe ['∫u:]

shod ['∫ɒd]

shod ['∫ɒd]

подковывать

to shoot ['∫u:t]

shot ['∫ɒt]

shot ['∫ɒt]

стрелять

to show [∫ɜʊ]

showed [∫ɜʊd]

shown [∫ɜʊn]

показывать

 

 

 

 

to shrink ['∫rıŋk]

shrank ['∫ræŋk]

shrunk ['∫rʌŋk]

сжиматься

to shut [∫ʌt]

shut [∫ʌt]

shut [∫ʌt]

закрывать

to sing [sıŋ]

sang [sæŋ]

sung [sʌŋ]

петь

to sink ['sıŋk]

sank ['sæŋk]

sunk ['sʌŋk]

тонуть

to sit [sıt]

sat [sæt]

sat [sæt]

сидеть

to slay ['sleı]

slew ['slu:]

slain ['sleın]

убивать

to sleep [sli:p]

slept [slept]

slept [slept]

спать

to slide ['slaıd]

slid ['slıd]

slid ['slıd]

скользить

to sling ['slıŋ]

slung ['slʌŋ]

slung ['slʌŋ]

метать

to slink ['slıŋk]

slunk ['slʌŋk]

slunk ['slʌŋk]

красться

 

 

 

 

to slit [slıt]

slit [slıt]

slit [slıt]

разрезать

to smell [smel]

smelt [smelt]

smelt [smelt]

нюхать

to smite ['smaıt]

smote ['smɜʊt]

smitten ['smıtǝn]

ударять

to sneak ['sni:k]

sneaked ['sni:kt]

sneaked ['sni:kt]

красться

to sow ['sɜʊ]

sowed ['sɜʊd]

sown ['sɔ:n]

сеять

to speak [spi:k]

spoke [spɜʊk]

spoken [spɜʊkǝn]

говорить, разговаривать

to speed [spi:d]

sped [sped]

sped [sped]

превышать скорость

to spell [spel]

spelt [spelt]

spelt [spelt]

произносить по буквам

to spend [spend]

spent [spent]

spent [spent]

тратить, проводить (время)

to spill [spıl]

spilt [spılt]

spilt [spılt]

проливать

 

 

 

 

to spin [spın]

spun [spʌn]

spun [spʌn]

прясть

to spit [spıt]

spat [spæt]

spat [spæt]

плевать

to split [splıt]

split [splıt]

split [splıt]

раскалывать

to spoil [spɔıl]

spoiled ['spɔıld]

spoiled ['spɔıld]

портить

to spread [spred]

spread [spred]

spread [spred]

распространять

to spring ['sprıŋ]

sprang ['spræŋ]

sprung ['sprʌŋ]

прыгать

to stand [stænd]

stood [stu:d]

stood [stu:d]

стоять

to steal ['sti:l]

stole ['stɜʊl]

stolen ['stɜʊlǝn]

красть

to stick [stık]

stuck [stʌk]

stuck [stʌk]

втыкать

to sting [stıŋ]

stung [stʌŋ]

stung [stʌŋ]

ужалить

 

 

 

 

to stink [stıŋk]

stank [stæŋk]

stunk [stʌŋk]

вонять

to strew ['stru:]

strewed ['stru:d]

strewn ['stru:n]

разбрасывать

to stride ['straıd]

strode ['strɜʊd]

stridden ['strıdǝn]

шагать

to srike ['straık]

struck ['strʌk]

struck ['strʌk]

ударять

to string ['strıŋ]

strung ['strʌŋ]

strung ['strʌŋ]

завязывать

to strive ['straıv]

strove ['strɜʊv]

striven ['strıvǝn]

стараться

to swear ['sweǝ]

swore ['swɔ:]

sworn ['swɔ:n]

клясться

to sweep [swi:p]

swept [swept]

swept [swept]

мести, подметать

to swell [swel]

swelled ['sweld]

swollen ['swɒlǝn]

надуваться

to swim [swım]

swam [swæm]

swum [swʌm]

плавать

 

 

 

 

to swing [swıŋ]

swung [swʌŋ]

swung [swʌŋ]

качать

to take [teık]

took [tʊk]

taken ['teıkǝn]

брать, взять

to teach [ti:ʧ]

taught [tɔ:t]

taught [tɔ:t]

учить, обучать

to tear ['teǝ]

tore [tɔ:]

torn [tɔ:n]

рвать

to tell [tel]

told [tɜʊld]

told [tɜʊld]

сказать, рассказывать

to think [ɵıŋk]

thought [ɵɔ:t]

thought [ɵɔ:t]

думать

to thrive ['ɵraıv]

thrived ['ɵraıvd]

thrived ['ɵraıvd]

процветать

to throw [ɵrɜʊ]

threw [ɵru:]

thrown [ɵrɜʊn]

бросать

to thrust [ɵrʌst]

thrust [ɵrʌst]

thrust [ɵrʌst]

толкать, тыкать

to tread [tred]

trod [trɒd]

trodden ['trɒdǝn]

шагать

 

 

 

 

to unbend [ʌn'bend]

unbent [ʌn'bent]

unbent [ʌn'bent]

выпрямлять

to unbind [ʌn'baınd]

unbound [ʌn'baʊnd]

unbound [ʌn'baʊnd]

развязывать

to undergo [,ʌndǝ'gɜʊ]

underwent [,ʌndǝ'went]

undergone [,ʌndǝ'gɒn]

испытывать

to understand [ʌndǝ'stænd]

understood [ʌndǝ'stu:d]

understood [ʌndǝ'stu:d]

понимать

to undertake [,ʌndǝ'teık]

undertook [,ʌndǝ'tʊk]

undertaken [,ʌndǝ'teıkǝn]

предпринимать

to undo [ʌn'du:]

undid [ʌn'dıd]

undone [ʌn'dʌn]

развязывать

to unwind [ʌn'waınd]

unwound [ʌn'waʊnd]

unwound [ʌn'waʊnd]

разматывать

to uphold [ʌp'hɜʊld]

upheld [ʌp'held]

upheld [ʌp'held]

поддерживать

to upset [ǝp'set]

upset [ǝp'set]

upset [ǝp'set]

опрокидывать, срывать (планы)

to wake [weık]

woke ['wɜʊk]

woken ['wɜʊkǝn]

будить

 

 

 

 

to waylay [weı'leı]

waylaid [weı'leıd]

waylaid [weı'leıd]

подстерегать

to wear ['weǝ]

wore ['wɔ:]

worn ['wɔ:n]

носить

to weave ['wi:v]

wove ['wɜʊv]

woven ['wɜʊvǝn]

ткать

to wed [wed]

wedded ['wedıd]

wedded ['wedıd]

вступать в брак

to weep [wi:p]

wept [wept]

wept [wept]

плакать

to wet [wet]

wetted ['wetıd]

wetted ['wetıd]

мочить

to win [wın]

won [wʌn]

won [wʌn]

побеждать

to wind [waınd]

wound ['waʊnd]

wound ['waʊnd]

заводить

to withdraw [wıð'drɔ:]

withdrew [wıð'dru:]

withdrawn [wıð'drɔ:n]

ретироваться

to withhold [wıð'hɜʊld]

withheld [wıð'held]

withheld [wıð'held]

умалчивать

 

 

 

 

to withstand [wıð'stænd]

withstood [wıð'stu:d]

withstood [wıð'stu:d]

выстоять

to wring ['rıŋ]

wrung ['rʌŋ]

wrung ['rʌŋ]

выкручивать

to write [raıt]

wrote [rɜʊt]

written ['rıtǝn]

писать