. 2

: 2

. 2

. 2

.. 3

.. 4

. 5

. 6

"How many?". 6

"Which?". 8

. 9

. 10

0: 10

, : 12

.. 13

 


 

I. - .

:

1.

Ten people are wanted for the job.

The second song was a great hit.

2.

My son is twenty and my daughter is twenty-two.

3. , , , .. .

Seven is a lucky number.

The two left the office early.

We often invited them to make a four at tennis.

I am teaching the child to count by tens.

 

( , ) and:

375 three hundred and seventy-five

305 three hundred and five

2,075 two thousand and seventy-five

2,005 two thousand and five

1,225,375 one million two hundred and twenty-five thousand three hundred and seventy-five

 

: 1235 one two three five.

0 [ɜu|.

 

, double :

6634double six three four;

3466 three four double six;

6666 double six double six.

 

, double :

3446 three four four six.

 

1000, 2000, 3000 . . one thousand, two thousand, three thousand . .


 

. , ,

:

 

1999 nineteen ninety-nine

1608 sixteen o eight (or, less commonly, nineteen hundred and ninety-nine and sixteen hundred and eight)

1700 seventeen hundred

2000 (the year) two thousand

2002 two thousand and two

2015 twenty fifteen

AD 76 / A.D. 76 AD seventy-six

76CE/76C.E. seventy-six CE

(Both these expressions mean '76 years after the beginning of the Christian calendar'.)

 

1000 BC/1000 B.C. one thousand BC

1000 BCE/1000 B.C.E one thousand BCE

(Both these expressions mean '1000 years before the beginning of the Christian calendar'.)

 

year ,

in the year nineteen fifteen.

 

:

15th May, 1948 The fifteenth of May, nineteen forty-eight :

May 15th, 1948 May the fifteenth, nineteen forty-eight.

May 15, 1948


Metric measures

(with approximate non-metric equivalents)

 

 

10 millimetres (mm)

100 centimetres

1000 metres

1 centimetre (cm)

1 metre (m)

1 kilometre (km)

= 0.394 inch

= 39.4 inches/1.094 yards

= 0.6214 mile

100 square metres (m2)

100 ares

100 hectares

1 are (a) ,

1 hectare (ha)

1 square kilometre (km2)

= 0.025 acre

= 2.471 acres

= 0.386 square mile

1000 milligrams (mg)

1000 grams

1000 kilograms

= 1gram(g)

= 1 kilogram (kg)

= 1 tonne

= 15. 43 grains

= 2.205 pounds

= 19.688 hundredweight

10 millilitres(ml)

100 centilitres(cl)

10 litres

= 1 centilitre

= 1 litre (I)

= 1 decalitre (dal)

 

= 0.018 pint (0.021 US pint)

= 1.76 pints (2.1 US pints)

= 2.2 gallons (2. 63 US gallons)

 

 

-Non-metric measures

(with approximate metric equivalents)

 

 

1 inch (in) -

12 inches

3 feet -

220 yards -

8 furlongs

1760 yards -

 

= 1 foot (ft)

= 1 yard (yd)

= 1 furlong

= 1 mile

= 1 mile

= 25.4 millimetres

= 30. 48 centimetres

= 0.914 metre

= 201.17 metres

= 1.609 kilometres

= 1.609 kilometres

1 square (sq) inch

144 sq inches

9 sq feet

4840 sq yards

640 acres

 

= 1 sq foot

= 1 sqyard

= 1 acre

= 1 sq mile

= 6.452 sq centimetres (cm2)

= 929.03 sq centimetres

= 0.836sq

= 0.405 hectare

= 259 hectares/ 2.59sq kilometres

437 grains -

16 ounces -

14 pounds -

8 stone -

20 hundredweight

= 1 ounce(oz)

= 1 pound (Ib)

= 1 stone (st)

= 1 hundredweight (cwt) = 1 ton

= 28.35 grams

= 0.454 kilogram

= 6.356 kilograms

= 50.8 kilograms

= 1016.04 kilograms

20 fluid ounces (floz) -

2 pints -

8 pints

= 1pint(pt)

= 1 quart (qt)

= 1 gallon (gal.) -

= 0.568 litre

= 1.136 litres

= 4. 546 litres

16 US fluid - ounces

2 US pints

4 US quarts -

= 1 US pint

= 1 US quart

= 1 US gallon

= 0.473 litre

= 0.946 litre

= 3. 785 litres


 

 

£

1p a penny, (colloquial) one p /pi:/

2p twopence /'tʌpǝns/, two pence, (colloquial) two p /pi:/

5p fivepence /'faifpǝns/

£1 a pound,

£5, £10, £20 five/ten/twenty pounds,

£3.82 three pounds eighty-two (pence)

 

 

$

a cent

five cents

$1 a dollar

$5, $10, $20 five/ten/twenty dollars

$3.82 three dollars eighty-two (cents)

 

 

1 cent a cent

5 cents five cents

1 a euro

5, 10, 20 five/ten/twenty euros

3.82 three euros eighty-two (cents)

 

 

1 kopek a kopek

5 kopeks five kopeks

₽1 a rouble

5, $10, $20 five/ten/twenty roubles

3.82 three roubles eighty-two kopeks


 

.

"How many?"

She has three questions to ask.

He caught four fish yesterday.

There are ten students in my class.

John has two cars.

 

.

hundred, thousand million -s, two, three, four . .:

two hundred,

three thousand,

four million.

 

Hundred, thousand million , , -s, , , . of:

Hundreds of students were present at the meeting. .

Thousands of people greeted the Russian representatives.

.

 

. million , -s, , two, three . ., . million of:

two millions of books .

 

Take this actress. At sixty seven she's still a size eight.

The four played a game of cards.

Hundreds went to the show.

Hundreds of millions of pounds were lost.

:

hundred,

thousand,

million

 

, .

:

five hundreds of people - five hundred people

three thousands of children - three thousand children

two millions of citizens - two million citizens

An average Hollywood film costs $27 million to make.


 

, , , , :

by tens,

by hundreds,

by thousands, also

by the hundred,

by the thousand.

The child learned to count by tens.

Cops were walking in twos and threes.

 

:

to be dressed to the nines, - ,

to be on cloud nine (with joy, happiness), - ,

to be in seventh heaven, -

to be at sixes and sevens..., -

on all fours. - ;

 

The children crawled up the steps on all fours.

She was dressed to the nines, yes, she was dressed to kill.

I am at sixes and sevens with the world.

The room is at sixes and sevens.


 

"Which?"

-th (, , ..), first, second, third.

, :

The distance is nothing; it is only the first step that is difficult.

She answered on the first ring.

Character consists of what you do on the third and fourth tries.

 

:

text one

page two

note three

test four

the first text

the second page

the third note

the fourth test

 

. , .

He opened a second beer.

She accepted the offer without a second thought.

Soon I'll start learning a second foreign language.

You are like a second family to me.

This report offers a third way out of the crisis.

She is learning to dress like a first lady.

As he says, he is a fourth-generation cop.

 

:

a first night, ,

a first love,

a first-class college,

a second-rate stamp,

a first step, etc. , ..

 

The young people met at a first night of "Hamlet".

A first love is never forgotten.

She had a curious sixth sense about men.

Mine is a third-generation computer.


 

 

At

:

He will return at 7 o'clock. 7 .

He left the house at noon. .

She left the room at the end of the lesson. .

 

 

In

( ):

They will arrive in May. .

He was born In 1917. 1917 .

:

He will return In a week. .

The book will come out in a month. .

) , , , :

The house was built In three months. () .

He translated the article in an hour. .

The construction of this plant was completed in ten months. ( ).

 

 

On

:

The meeting took place on Monday. .

They arrived on the first of June. 1 .

. , , in:

in the morning,

in the evening,

in the afternoon.

, on:

on fine summer morning,

on a cold evening,

on the morning of the first of June.

 


 

.

, ( ):

two-thirds,

three-sixths.

:

1.62 = one, point six, two.

 

 

0:

1. nought ([nɔːt])

0.7 = nought point seven

.07 = point nought seven

2. zero(['ziǝrɜu]) ,

-15 C = minus fifteen degrees or

fifteen degrees below zero

3. ([əʊ])

01-500-3026 = one five double three two six

4. nil or nothing (. )

2:0 = the score was two nothing or two nil

 


 

 

(Common Fractions)

(Decimal Fractions)

½ a (one) half

1/3 a (one) third

2/3 two thirds

¼ a (one) quarter

a (one) fourth 3

3/4 (three quarters :

(three fourths)

1/5 (one) fifth

2/5 two fifths

1/6 one sixth

5/6 five sixths

1 ½ one and a half

2 1/3 two and a (one) third

0.1 nought point one

point one

0.01 : nought point nought one point nought one

2.35 : two point three five

32.305 : three two ( thirty-two) point three nought five

 

 

1.
, : 1/3
a (one) third, 1/5 a (one) fifth, 1/8 an (one)eighth. ½ a (one) half ( : one second), 1/4 a (one) quarter (: a fourth). , -s: 2/3two thirds; 3/5-three fifths, 5/6 five sixths.

half of .

0 zero.

 

3.      , , : 2 1/2 tons (: two and a half tons two tons and a half); 4 1/2 tons (: four and a third tons four tons and a third).

, , , . , : 1 1/2 hours (: one and a half hours one (an) hour and a half); 1 1/3 pounds (: one and a third pounds one (a) pound and a third).

4.      , . . , , point. nought. , : 0.25 nought point two five point two five; 14.105 one four ( fourteen) point one nought five.

, , , : 0.25 ton (: nought point two five of a ton). : 1.25 tons (: one point two five tons); 23.76 tons (: two three point seven six tons twenty-three point seven six tons).

 


 

, :

 

I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, etc. for 1-10.

2. M = 1000, D = 500, = 100, L = 50, X = 10, V = 5, I = 1.

3. , .

1985 MCMLXXXV, M= 1000 (CM= 1000 - 100= 900), L= 50, XXX= 30 (.. 3*10), V= 5.

 

: a) , and , .

, .

There were twenty pages in the essay, (not 20)

Five hundred and seventy people attended the conference, (not 570 ...)

b) , :

$2,123.56


()

()

1/2

1/3

1/4

1/5

3/4

2/3

1 1/2

1 3/4

0.5

1.75

26%

a half*

a third

a quarter

one fifth

three quarters

two thirds

one and a half

one and three quarters

nought point five

one point seven five

twenty-six per cent

*: half an hour, half an apple